High-performance photocatalysts should have highly crystallized nano crystals (NCs) with small sizes, high separation effi ciency of photogenerated electron–hole pairs, fast transport and consumption of photon-excited electrons from
the surface of catalyst, high adsorption of organic pollutant, and suitable band gap for maximally utilizing sunlight energy. However, the design and synthesis of these versatile structures still remain a big challenge. Here, we report a
novel strategy for the synthesis of ultrasmall and highly crystallized graphene–ZnFe 2 O 4 photocatalyst through interface engineering by using interconnected graphene network as barrier for spatially confi ned growth of ZnFe 2 O 4 , as transport channels for photon-excited electron from the surface of catalyst, as well as the electron reservoir for suppressing the recombination of photogenerated electron–hole pairs. As a result, about 20 nm ZnFe 2 O 4 NCs with highly crystallized (311) plane confi ned in the graphene network exhibit an excellent visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity with an ultrafast degradation rate of 1.924 × 10 −7 mol g −1 s −1 for methylene blue, much higher than those of previously reported photocatalysts such as spinel-based photocatalysts (20 times),TiO 2 -based photocatalysts (4 times), and other photocatalysts (4 times). Our strategy can be further extended to fabricate other catalysts and electrode materials for supercapacitors and Li-ion batteries.
Deren Yang,Jing Feng,Lili Jiang,Xiaoliang Wu,Lizhi Sheng,Yuting Jiang,Tong Wei and Zhuangjun Fan.
Advanced Functional Materials,25,7080-7087(2015)